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by Polsdorfer R

Medications for Chlamydia

Prescription Medications

Chlamydia is treated with antibiotics. It is important to take all antibiotics for the full term, even if you are feeling better. Not doing so risks reinfection.
First-line antibiotics include:
  • Amoxicillin
  • Erythromycin
  • Levofloxacin
  • Ofloxacin
Azithromycin
This antibiotic is effective with a single dose. If you have liver or kidney disease, this medication should be use with caution.
Side effects may include:
Doxycycline
This antibiotic is usually given for 7 days. It is just as effective as a single dose of azithromycin. It should not be used in children less than 8 years old or during pregnancy.
Side effects may include:
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Sensitivity to sunlight
  • Diarrhea
  • Decreased appetite
Other antibiotics
  • Amoxicillin
  • Erythromycin
  • Levofloxacin
  • Ofloxacin
These antibiotics are usually given for 7 days.
Side effects may include:
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Constipation
  • Rash
  • Cramping, loss of appetite (erythromycin)
  • Headache, lightheadedness, insomnia (levofloxacin, ofloxacin)

References

Chlamydia—CDC fact sheet. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/std/chlamydia/STDFact-chlamydia-detailed.htm. Updated January 7, 2014. Accessed July 31, 2014.

Chlamydia genital infection. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated June 30, 2014. Accessed July 31, 2014.

Mishori R, McClaskey, EL, et al. Chlamydia trachomatis infections: Screening, diagnosis, and management. Am Fam Physician. 2012;86(12):1127-1132.

Workowski KA, Berman S, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Sexually Transmitted Diseases Treatment Guidelines, 2010. MMWR. 2010;59(No. RR-12):1-110.

Revision Information

  • Reviewer: David Horn, MD
  • Review Date: 05/2014
  • Update Date: 07/31/2014

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